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India is gasping for breath as the second Covid-19 wave hits the country

On the eve of 14th April 2021, in a small town in India, a very close family member of mine tested positive for COVID-19. The events that followed left a devastating scar on our family. Aged 67, my mom’s aunt kept fighting for her life till her last breath. As soon as she was tested positive, she needed to be admitted into the hospital, but there were no beds available across the city. It took one whole day to find a hospital bed in a government hospital. It took another day to find a bed with ventilator support.

On the morning of 18th April 2021, she passed away. Her daughter, also tested positive, was admitted in a private hospital on the opposite side of the city, completely unaware of her mother’s death. In between, her distressed husband was desperately trying to procure a dose of Remdesivir injection while tending to the needs of his family who were fighting for their life.

This is the story of countless Indians who are experiencing the devastating second wave of COVID-19. As of 28th April 2021, India is recording the highest number (379,308) of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases and the highest number (3645) of daily new confirmed COVID-19 deaths. There is a major shortage of oxygen supply and hospital beds. The healthcare system is coming to a collapse and the medical staff is being pushed to their limits. There is a sense of panic and extreme grief across India.

[Image description: Patients suffering from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) get treatment at the casualty ward in Lok Nayak Jai Prakash (LNJP) hospital, amidst the spread of the disease in New Delhi, India April 15, 2021. ] via REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui
[Image description: Patients suffering from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) get treatment at the casualty ward in Lok Nayak Jai Prakash (LNJP) hospital, amidst the spread of the disease in New Delhi, India April 15, 2021. ] via REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui
“I work in a private medical college and a 500 bed hospital. During the first wave, the hospital had allocated 250 beds (5 wards) to the COVID-19 patients. Now, the second wave has seen an influx of 300+ patients everyday. From 250 beds, our hospital has now dedicated all of the wards including 5 ICUs towards fighting COVID.” said Dr. Avijit Misra, a medical intern at Bharati Hospital and Medical College Pune when I spoke to him. “Government hospitals are also full. There is an increase in makeshift hospitals by the government which has helped a lot, but it is still not enough”, he added.

How did it become so bad?

The government of India had one year to prepare for a catastrophe like this. Ever since the start of the pandemic, the government was supposed to set up 150 oxygen plants but only started bidding for it after 8 months of delay. As of April, only 33 out of the 162 government-sanctioned oxygen plants are functioning.

Along with the shortage of oxygen supply, the transportation of the oxygen from the factories to the patients is a big hurdle that is contributing towards the crisis. India cannot ensure 24/7 road supply of oxygen due to the shortage of cryogenic oxygen tankers. The travel time for the transportation of the oxygen from the factories to the patients has increased from 3-5 business days to 6-8 business days, and the duration is much longer for the remote and rural parts of India.

This comes after a claim made by the National Executive of BJP (the ruling party) in February that the battle against Covid-19 has been triumphantly won. While praising the leadership, the party declared “with pride” that India has “not only defeated Covid-19 under the able, sensitive, committed and visionary leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, but also infused in all its citizens the confidence to build an ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat ‘(Self -reliant India)’.”

After the declaration, mass gatherings and crowd events became a normalcy. Events such as election rallies and religious events were sanctioned by the government. The rallies and the religious events were seen as an attempt by the ruling party to please and secure its vote bank, as their policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. The government led by PM Narendra Modi, has also been constantly downplaying the extent of the crisis and shutting down voices which have been instrumental in raising awareness and providing help to those affected.

[Image description: Amit Shah at an election rally] via Arun Sankar/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
[Image description: Amit Shah at an election rally] via via Arun Sankar/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

The price is being paid by the common man

While patients are affected on one side, helpless relatives running around in search of hospital beds, oxygen cylinders, and medications are also being forced to put themselves at risk. Families are being admitted to the hospital together but not all of them are going back home healthy and recovered.

The medical costs are only increasing. A middle-class person cannot afford a bed in a private hospital. Those who can, are being charged Rs. 15 thousand – Rs. 20 thousand ($2011 – $2682) just for the bed. The injections, oxygen cylinders and medication prescribed by the doctors are also in short supply and are being sold at 10 times the price in black markets.

[Image description: Table showing the comparison of prices of COVID-19 medications and oxygen cylinders in India] via BBC
[Image description: Table showing the comparison of prices of COVID-19 medications and oxygen cylinders in India] via BBC
People coming from rural parts of India to bigger cities to get help are being turned back. Families are fighting in the hospitals for bed space. “Phrases such as ‘my patient is younger than yours. At least, give them a chance to live’ can be heard across India,” said Dr. Misra.

In the midst of this tragedy, it is easy to feel helpless right now, but there are ways in which we can help:

1. Amplify

The best thing you can do right now is to use your influence to amplify and share the SOS alerts from those in need on your socials. One share can help save a life.

Instagram accounts to follow that are spreading awareness and amplifying SOS alerts:


Websites & Google Docs:

2. Donate

There are a number of organizations that have come forward and directly purchased resources for the front-line workers, donated supplies, or helped amplify the needs of vulnerable patients. Here are a few:

Local Agencies:

  • Ketto (Mission Oxygen- Helping Hospitals Save Lives) – You can donate to their efforts directly on their website
  • Hemkunt Foundation – Oxygen Suppliers. Donate here 
  • Khalsa Aid – Donate here
  • Milaap – Individual crowdfunding website. Donate here
  • Youth Feed India x Helping Hands Charitable Trust – Food Packages. Donate here
  • Care India – PPE Kits. Donate here

International Agencies:

  • United Nations agencies (UNICEF and WHO). Donate here
  • American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin – Oxygen Machines. Donate here
  • Care India – PPE Kits. Donate here
  • The Association for India’s Development – Protective equipment and food packages. Donate here

As I look back, I think that my family members were among the luckier ones to have at least gotten a hospital bed and oxygen support. We don’t know when this calamity will end. The road to the finish line looks too far ahead. The battle against COVID-19 continues with our healthcare workers on the front line. We cannot be spectators anymore. We need to step in and help those in need. 

In retrospect, the second wave of COVID-19 did push India to become Atma Nirbhar

Coronavirus The World

India’s pandemic response has failed its migrant workers and rural communities

As COVID-19 continues to afflict people around the globe, various governments have implemented strict policies in an effort to deter the spread of the virus, including lock-downs and stay-at-home orders. In India, since the start of the pandemic, the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party has proven itself a case study in mismanagement. 

On March 24, India announced that the country would be entering into a 21-day lockdown, though this was later extended to the end of May. The most damaging consequence of this lockdown by far was the harm it inflicted on migrant workers in India. Tens of thousands of migrant workers were suddenly left with no stable housing, no income, and no way to get to shelter safely. With the lockdown put into effect, migrant workers were unable to use public transportation. Instead, they were forced to walk hundreds of miles by foot to shelter. Accounts of the migrant’s plight are nothing short of terrifying.

A pregnant woman gave birth on the side of the road and continues her journey, now with a newborn.

A toddler tried to wake up his dead mother on a train platform. 

16 migrants were run over by a train after sleeping on railway tracks. 

Eventually, the government provided transport for migrant workers, however, when they first announced this plan, they also announced that migrants would have to pay 800 rupees, about 10 dollars, in transportation fares. This decision was eventually reversed after outrage from the public and opposing parties. But shocking reports have revealed that 85% of migrants paid for the journeys home.

Since the start of the pandemic, the migrant crisis has largely been resolved, no thanks to the government, but the pandemic is still causing serious issues for the country. Despite implementing one of the strictest lockdowns, cases continue to soar in India. This wasn’t helped by the fact that it led to a mass migration of people across the country. Now, as the country moves along with its reopening process, the severity of the pandemic can be expected to worsen significantly. 

With over five million reported cases, India has the second-highest number of cases after the United States. 

Several prominent figures, including Home Minister Amit Shah, have tested positive for the virus. But the government remains ineffective and it’s the most vulnerable citizens of India who are suffering the most. 

For example, rural communities are struggling to access necessary health care. Those in rural communities fear that without access to testing or treatment, they will essentially be left to die. This fear is especially prevalent for elderly people in these communities who are at heightened risks of contracting the virus. 

Additionally, as a result of the lockdown, millions are suffering from food insecurity and economic instability. During the lockdown, people struggled to access food due to strict regulations that prohibited them from leaving the house. And due to higher rates of unemployment following the lockdown, households are left financially unstable and unable to purchase resources, including food

It’s also believed that the reported number of cases do not accurately represent the true magnitude of cases in India. Over 50 million people have been tested for COVID-19, but India still has one of the lowest testing rates in the world. Consequently, experts believe that the true number of cases is likely much higher than what’s being reported. In fact, it’s believed that the country hit 6.4 million cases back in April, contrary to the reported 52,000 cases

The government continues to vehemently deny the severity of the pandemic in India, choosing to focus on maintaining their image rather than engaging in necessary action against the spread of the coronavirus. 

The migrant crisis, inadequate healthcare and the suffering of millions across the country constitute major humanitarian issues, but the government did little to relieve any of these problems. 

Unfortunately, the truth is that the government’s handling of the pandemic is hardly surprising. Since the start of Modi’s administration, the government has made it clear that they don’t care about the well-being of the country. Every action taken by Modi’s administration has intentionally marginalized oppressed communities and pushed a nationalist agenda. 

The BJP’s handling of every aspect of the COVID-19 pandemic exemplifies not only their incompetence but their cruelty. The pandemic response was hardly an outlier in an otherwise successful government – it’s the norm.

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