Health Care Health Science Wellness Now + Beyond

Here’s why colloidal silver might be doing more harm to your health than good

Let’s face it, if someone gave us a vile filled with a magic potion that would fix all our problems, would we even give it a second thought before drinking it? After all, we’re all always on the look for “the cure” that does everything without considering the repercussions. Colloidal silver is one such concoction that people consume without knowing that it might be doing more harm to their health than good.

Known for its antibacterial properties, colloidal silver is a product containing microscopic flakes of real silver and is suspended by demineralized water. This product is usually sold as a dietary supplement with companies marketing it off as a “cure-all.” According to sellers, this is the magic potion that can eliminate allergies, boost your immune system, treat diseases like HIV/AIDS, and, surprisingly enough, it can even cure cancer.

Let me guess, too good to be true? You’re on the right path.

As popular as colloidal silver is, what is little known about this product is that it can cause health issues if consumption is prolonged. It is unclear how much intake of colloidal silver can cause problems but if taken for a long period of time, the silver flakes in the product can start building in your body’s tissues. In turn, this can cause a condition known as argyria which results in a blue-gray color of the skin, eyes, nails, internal organs—you name it.

Although argyria doesn’t pose as a serious health condition, you still wouldn’t want to walk around looking like Violet from Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. In fact, after consuming large amounts of silver, the discoloration of the skin does not go away even if you have stopped taking the product. The use of colloidal silver can also rarely, but potentially, cause health defects such as kidney damage and neurological problems, noticeable with seizures.

It is true, however, there have been some recent findings that suggest that colloidal silver makes a good topical ointment for treating open wounds. A 2007 study suggested that dressings that contained silver were more effective in preventing infection than products that make the same claims. In fact, The National Institute of Health also supports the claims of colloidal silver being safe as a topical treatment.

But while it may have some protection against infection, there is little to support the “miracle cure’s” claim to protect against diseases. In fact, since 1999, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has indicated a lack of evidence that colloidal silver has health benefits in eradicating or preventing disease. The FDA has also taken action against some manufacturers who had been making false claims regarding this “miracle product”.

And still, colloidal silver can also often be found in skincare products such as Omorovicza’s Silver Skin Tonic or Heritage Stores’ Colloidal Silver Soap. Many people use these products for their “anti-aging” and “anti-acne” properties. But some studies have shown that with the continual use of these products, the skin can absorb the silver particles in them causing the same problems that oral consumption of colloidal silver will—which is argyria.

If taken with other medication such as antibiotics, colloidal silver can also limit their absorption by the human body making them ineffective. Pregnant or nursing women should also steer clear of this product if they want to use it as an alternative to, for instance, flu medication as there has been no research that deems colloidal silver safe for fetal development.

Although magical ingredients that heal all your worries away are usually hard to come across, you need to keep in mind that most manufacturers are making these claims without any clinical proof. As done with colloidal silver. And as always, remember that before taking any sort of oral medication, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional first and do your proper research.

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Money Now + Beyond

Here are 11 terms that will help you better understand the business world

Starting a new business is exciting but it can also be a lot to handle. There is a constant learning curve when you enter the business world until you reach a more “professional” level. When it comes to running a business, certain terms can be overwhelming for a lot of newcomers. It can be intimidating, and not always easy to navigate when these terms are thrown around with the expectation that you already know what they mean. Too often, people are scared out of the industry, especially those who were not raised to know the language or taught these words–and too often, those who aren’t always given access to learning these industry quirks are women. Jargon and industry-specific language can be barriers for those interested in growing a business, but they shouldn’t be. That’s where we come in. From assets to depreciation, here are 11 business and finance terms that will help you navigate the world of business!

1. Asset

You may have heard this word. A lot. ‘Asset’ is one of the most common business finance terms as it basically means anything that has value and can be turned into cash. Assets can be owned by companies, individuals, and the government. As far as companies go, assets can be anything that generates revenue or benefits the company in some way. When it comes to cooperation, assets are listed on the balance sheets and are netted against liability and equity.

2. Balance Sheets

Balance sheets are basically the statement of your financial position. These typically include a list of your assets, liabilities, and the owner’s equity at a certain point in time. Balance sheets also include an income statement that shows an individual’s net income for a specific period of time.

3. Liability

A liability is a sum of money that a company or individual is indebted to. Current liabilities are payable within a year or less whereas long-term liabilities have a time limit of more than a year. Liabilities are listed on balance sheets and can include taxes, wages, and accrued expenses.

4. Bookkeeping

Bookkeeping is essentially an accounting method. It involves keeping a record of all of a business’s financial affairs. It’s not so different from keeping a budget!

5. Capital

Capital refers to the total wealth of an individual or company. These can be in the form of money or other assets owned by a business. Capital is also known as “fixed capital” which refers to a business’s long-term worth. Capital can either be tangible, which refers to physical assets, or intangible like intellectual property.

6. Depreciation

If an asset loses its value, it is referred to as depreciation. For instance, if there is a decrease in the value of factory equipment. Depreciation usually occurs due to the wear and tear of the assets.

7. Gross Profit

After deducting the costs that are associated with making and selling products, the profit a company makes is known its gross profit. Gross profit can be easily calculated by subtracting the cost of items sold from the revenue.

8. Liquidity

Liquidity basically means how quickly an asset can be turned into cash at market value. Anything ranging from savings accounts or checkable accounts are known as liquid assets because they can be easily converted into cash whenever an individual or business requires it.

9. Bootstrapping

Bootstrapping essentially means being your own investor. When an individual finances their own start-up business with their own personal money, it is known as bootstrapping. The term is also used as a noun with bootstrap referring to an entrepreneur with little to no experience.

10. Debt financing

The most common method of funding start-up businesses is usually through debt financing. Debt financing entails a company borrowing money to support their business from a lender. The original amount is then paid back with an interest at a given time.

11. Secured Loan

When funding a business, a company may take a secured loan. When a secured loan is taken, the borrower pledges an asset as collateral for the loan. If the loan is not paid within the specified time period, the lender may sell the asset for market value and redeem the money lent.

It’s easy to feel like you’re not professional enough or experienced to start a new business, but without giving it a shot you won’t ever gain that experience. Being able to navigate the jargon and words thrown at you is just the beginning to standing on your own two feet as an entrepreneur and call the shots for your career. It can be difficult and frustrating at times to feel like everyone else secured an education in business or inherently was born with a copy of the Wall Street Journal in hand, but when you start to decode some of the common words tossed around you begin to realize that it’s not at all that intimidating or difficult. So here is to building your own way in business and remembering your value isn’t based on fancy words!

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Science Now + Beyond

Did human evolution begin from fish? This Greek philosopher thought so

Human evolution has been a long-running debate among many. For centuries philosophers have speculated over the origins of the Homo sapiens (that’s Latin for wise man), aka humans. In fact, Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is the most famous of all.

Darwin believed that living creatures evolve according to the environment that they are a part of. This helps them to adapt, survive and bring new life into the world. If you’ve watched 47 Meters Down: Uncaged, you know what I mean.

As I’ve mentioned, theories on evolution have been around for quite a while now. One pretty wild contribution to these hypotheses was by an ancient Greek philosopher Anaximander. He held the belief that humans actually evolved from fish (no, you didn’t read that wrong).

I know what you’re thinking. What could possibly make someone come up with something like that? At least Darwin’s theory slightly made sense even if you don’t agree with it. But trust me; it gets interesting (more than it already is).

According to Anaximander, man used to be a different form of creature than he is now. These creatures not only lived in water but were also enclosed in thorny barks. As their age increased, the barks would eventually come off and they would move to live on land.

Anaximander believed that humans would not have survived in the form they are in now due to their prolonged infancy, which is why they were of a different kind before. These creatures were self-supporting whereas humans could not have been.

The ancient Greek philosopher also held the idea that these fish, or fish-like creatures, came forth from heated water and the earth (evaporation). Inside these fish lived humans in the form of embryos (developing babies) where they stayed until puberty. When they reached this point, the fish would burst open and out came men and women. These humans had lived in an environment where they were nurtured and grown-up enough that they came out with the ability to look after themselves. These humans then further procreated more humans and so on.

The idea that humans were literally birthed by fish does seem ridiculous to me but Anaximander had his reasons. According to many, Anaximander was quite observant. He observed his surroundings and life that inhibited it. He also lived in a time when humans lived in close contact with animals so chances are, he got to witness the fetal development of fish and humans which led him to compare the two. F. M. Cornford, an English classical scholar, actually compared the thorny bark, which Anaximander mentions in his theory, to sea urchins.

Anaximander, after observing fetal development in humans and animals, concluded that all are similar to that of a fish. Also, according to him, if a fetus stayed in the womb long enough, it could grow into different kinds of creatures as well.

Although it is hard to believe that fish gave birth to humans, we’re all allowed to have our own different sets of ideas on many things, and so was Anaximander. Even if his theory on evolution wasn’t plausible, it would still make a good topic for a sci-fi movie.

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History Forgotten History Lost in History Historical Badasses

Queen Lakhshmibai might have lost her battle, but forever won respect in the hearts of many

A symbol of female empowerment, Lakshmibai has been acknowledged as a folk hero in India for decades. Portraits and statues of her riding a horse, her son tightly strapped behind her back as she wields a sword in the air, are a common sight in the country.

Though the Rani (Queen) is hailed as a warrior queen in the East, her name is lesser-known everywhere else.

Born as Manikarnika to the royal advisor of Peshwa Baji Rao II, Prime Minister of the Maratha Empire – a power that dominated a large portion of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century – she was married to Maharaja Gangadar Rao, the ruler of Jhansi, a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pardesh, in 1842 and was given the name she is commonly known by today: Lakhshmibai.

On the left. a still from the movie Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi. A woman, the queen, is clad in a traditional Indian wedding dress. On the right, a painting of the queen of Jhansi wearing an Indian wedding dress with traditional Indian jewelry.
[Image description: On the left. a still from the movie Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi. A woman, the queen, is clad in a traditional Indian wedding dress. On the right, a painting of the queen of Jhansi wearing an Indian wedding dress with traditional Indian jewelry. She is holding a sword tightly in her hand.] Via DNA India
From a young age, Lakhshmibai became the epitome of what a traditional Indian woman was not permitted to be in her time: she was educated, fiercely independent, and skilled in the art of sword fighting as well as archery. When she wasn’t practicing swinging her sword or shooting arrows, the future queen of Jhansi enjoyed horse riding the most.

When she became the Rani, she didn’t give up her old ways but instead decided to teach the women around her the skills that she had garnered over the years, inculcating in them the same power and confidence that she had.

A still from the movie Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi. A woman, the queen of Jhansi, stands in the middle wearing a yellow sari. She is surrounded women in green saris, kneeling on the ground holding guns.
[Image description: A still from the movie Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi. A woman, the queen of Jhansi, stands in the middle wearing a yellow sari. She is surrounded women in green saris, kneeling on the ground holding guns.] Via Instagram
The people of Jhansi saw her as a queen who was kind and compassionate towards her loyal subjects. She was also known as an unconventional monarch by many as she refused to conform to the Indian values that most women followed.

The Rani had rejected the norm of concealing oneself in public, as many women did in her time, and urged to meet with British officials and her advisors in person. Her attire also reflected the power that she possessed as she broke gender stereotypes by donning a turban, a hat piece most commonly worn by men.

A still from the movie Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi. A woman, the queen of Jhansi, wearing a turban. She is holding a sword in one hand as she stares in the distance. A white horse is standing beside her.
[Image description: A still from the movie Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi. A woman, the queen of Jhansi, wearing a turban. She is holding a sword in one hand as she stares in the distance. A white horse is standing beside her.] Via Instagram
After the Maharajah’s demise in 1853, Lakhshimibai was left in a troubled situation concerning her right, and her adopted son’s right, to reign over the city of Jhansi. James Ramsay, the Governer-General of India, had declared that under the “doctrine of lapse”, British India was to annex the land of Jhansi as there was no heir to the throne by blood.

The Rani, frustrated by the circumstances that she was a part of, sent numerous letters to the Government House in Calcutta and pleaded for her son’s adoption to be acknowledged and to allow her to rule over Jhansi as its regent. However, all her letters were disregarded.


Lakhshmibai tried to negotiate and use her legal power, but all her efforts proved fruitless. The once queen of Jhansi was forced to retire to a quiet life of widowhood.

In 1857, after facing injustices for many years, the Hindus and Muslims of India began an uprising against the British rule in the subcontinent. The mutiny began in Meerut and slowly spread across towns in North India and became a mass rebellion referred to as the First War of Independence by many Indians.

When the soldiers stationed in Jhansi invaded the Star Fort, ironically enough, the British in Jhansi turned to Lakhshmibai and asked her to regain control of the city until the mutiny came to an end and provide 60 British men, women and children sanctuary in the Jhansi Fort.

A painting of the queen of Jhansi, Lakhshmibai.
[Image description: A painting of the queen of Jhansi, Lakhshmibai.] Via Wikipedia Commons
However, the fort was eventually besieged and the commander of the British force, Captain Gordon, was killed by the mutineers. The rest of the British contingent were later massacred as they were leaving the fort unarmed.

Although it was unclear what part Lakhshmibai played in the Jhansi Fort massacre, it is believed by many that she was the one who instigated it. Despite this possible conflict of interest, the British gave the Rani control over Jhansi’s administration until they settled down the rebellion that had spread wide across India.

After peacefully ruling over Jhansi for only a few months, the British found Lakhshmibai responsible for the massacre in Jhansi Fort, deeming her “guilty by association” due to her close friendship with Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa (ruler) of the Maratha Empire who had perpetrated many massacres at Kanpur while the rebellion was in process.

Subsequently, Lakhshmibai was declared to be “the Jezebel of India … the young, energetic, proud, unbending, uncompromising Ranee … upon her head rested the blood of the slain, and a punishment as awful awaited her” by Dr Thomas Lowe, the Medical Officer of the Madras Sappers and Miners.

When the news reached to the Rani that the British would be coming to avenge the killing of their people, Lakhshmibai began to raise an army of her own consisting of 14,000 men and women.

Lakhshmibai faught long and hard beside her troops to protect her Jhansi but the power of the British army was too much for them to handle and a few weeks after the British had attacked, the Jhansi Fort was sieged. That very night, Lakhshmibai escaped the premises with her son and a few followers in tow.

A painting of the queen of Jhansi riding a horse. She has her son strapped behind her back as she wields a sword in the air.
[Image description: A painting of the queen of Jhansi riding a horse. She has her son strapped to her back as she wields a sword in the air.] Via The Logical Indian
The Rani, after making her brave escape, joined forces with the rebels in Gwalior and began training her army. However, in June of 1858, the British troops attacked Gwalior and Lakhshmibai, “clad in the attire of a man and mounted on horseback”, was killed in battle.

Lakhshmibai wasn’t just an ordinary woman but a force of nature who refused to back down. The Rani didn’t hide away in cowardice but gave everything she had to try to win back the land that she loved so dearly. Even though she lost the battle, she gained respect and love in the hearts of many for her bravery.

General Hugh Rose, the leader of the British troop, reportedly himself mentioned after the battle ended that, “The Indian Mutiny had produced but one man and that man was a woman.”

Standing tall and ready to fight for her Jhansi and its people, Lakhshmibai left her mark on the world by becoming a powerful exemplary female figure for generations to come.

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Tech Now + Beyond

These 9 old school tech sounds will make you yearn for your childhood

It still feels like yesterday when I would sit in my dad’s chair, turn on the computer, and wait for the dial-up internet to kick in. It always tested my patience but with every bleep and bloop it churned out, my excitement grew as it meant that I was one step closer to feeding my very hungry Neopet. Even now when I hear a terrible screeching noise, I am reminded of simpler days and old tech sounds which are long gone.

Want to share in my nostalgia? Here are 9 tech sounds from your past that will be sure to leave you yearning for the good ol’ days…

1. AOL Instant Messenger (AIM), 1997

Long before we humans were accustomed to the use of WhatsApp and SnapChat, there existed a computer program known as AOL Instant Messenger (AIM). Known for its real-time communication among registered users, AIM gained a lot of popularity in the late 1990s to the late 2000s and people grew familiar with the voice of Elwood Edwards saying, “You’ve Got Mail”, along with the program’s many other notification sounds. But with the creation of social media services, like Facebook, AIM saw a rapid decline in its usage. Well, there goes the sound of the AIM Mail Man fading into the unknown.

2. Rotary Phone, 1904

The rotary phone was introduced back in the early 1900s. Known for its dial wheel at the front, the rotary phone made a distinct swoosh-and-click sound when you moved the wheel from your desired number to the finger stopper. Although the invention of smartphones has pretty much limited the use of landlines, you can always download a rotary phone app to listen to that same nostalgic swooshing sound if that’s your thing.

3. Dial-up Internet, 1992

Ah, the infamous dial-up internet. The sounds of which is probably embedded in the minds of almost every kid from the 90s. Although it doesn’t compare to the speed of a little something we call Wi-Fi, dial-up internet was all the rage from the 80s till the early 2000s. In fact, it was definitely all the rage in my home since I did spend most of my time listening to the seeeiejecckkkekejks of the dial-up internet trying to connect so that I could resume playing Neopets and Club Penguin.

4. Typewriter, 1868

Introduced in the late 1800s, typewriters had a distinct clicking sound as one jumped from one letter to the next while they wrote a creative masterpiece or perhaps a legal document. Not to mention the loud ding as each line ended and the paper had to be pushed back. But typewriters became a part of the past in the late 1990s when computers were introduced.

However, in order to keep the sound of typewriters alive, many companies have produced typewriter keyboards that can easily be connected to your PC to give you that old time feeling. Typewriter enthusiasts, like Tom Hanks, have even developed apps like Hanx Writer to give a modern twist to what seems like an ancient invention.

5. Floppy Disk, 1967

Floppy disks, just like the dial-up internet, were a much slower device than its successor, the USB flash drive. Known for its ability to store a 2.8 MBs of data at maximum capacity compared to the technology we have at hand now, floppy disks were also quite famous for the scratchy sound they made when inserted into a computer. Though. now the sound and the device itself seems like a distant bittersweet memory, today’s generation will perhaps only know the floppy disk as a 3D modeled version of a save icon.

6. Nokia Ringtone, 1902

Nokia was one of the leading companies when it came to cell phones from the 80s until the 2000s. Their default ringtone is a sound that many millennials can still recall and reminisce about a time when people hadn’t decided that Ed Sheeran’s Shape of You would make a great ringtone. However, as smartphones from big companies like Samsung and Apple started to roll in, Nokia’s popularity saw its decline and with it, so did its once widely used ringtone. C’est La Vie, I guess.

7. Space Invaders, 1978

Quite possibly the most iconic game known to man, Space Invaders was perhaps the reason behind every 90s kid’s gaming addiction (other than Tetris of course). Manufactured and sold by a Japanese company named Taito, Space Invaders was one of the first fixed shooter games that rolled out in the market. The beloved pew-pew sound your spaceship made while it killed all the aliens can never be compared to the loud gunshots of the games available now.

8. Dot Matrix Printer, 1967

Before laser printers were the talk of the town, there existed what is called a dot matrix printer. Known for their deafening sound, dot matrix printers could tell you in an instant that your paper was jammed. Gen Z kids will never know the struggle.

9. Videocassette Recorder (VCR), 1956

I personally have a lot of fond memories of using the VCR. In fact, the first time I ever watched Scar throw Mufasa off a cliff was on a VCR (oh, spoiler alert…?). There was always something comforting about the sound it made when a cassette would go inside the VCR’s slot and the tape would start rolling. Unfortunately, the VCR saw its decline when technology like DVD Players and streaming services gained popularity. Goodbye, my old friend.

Technology has significantly changed since the childhood days of us millennial’s. So, while I will always say, “Pew pew”, when shooting my brother with my finger guns or long for the clacking of a typewriter to feel like an 18th-century novelist, the reinvention of technology is inevitable and time must go on. Perhaps Gen Z kids will look back at their own time in the future and ponder over their fond memories of playing Pokémon Go.

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Science Now + Beyond

Why do we get our best thoughts and ideas in the shower?

Imagine this, you’re in the shower busy shampooing your hair and your mind wanders off into an entirely different world. You think to yourself, what if Cinderella was actually cyborg? Next thing you know, you have the idea for your bestselling novel. Such is the world of shower thoughts.

Now I’m not saying Marissa Meyer came up with her book, Cinder, while she was in the shower but it’s a strong possibility that a lot of other people came up with their own novel ideas there.

In fact, many people believe that they get their best ideas while taking a shower. In a study done by Scott Barry Kaufman, the cognitive scientist proposed that as many as 72% percent of people get their best creative ideas while they are in the shower.

Kaufman notes that the relaxation of the mind is an important factor when it comes to creative thinking. He says: “The relaxing, solitary, and non-judgmental shower environment may afford creative thinking by allowing the mind to wander freely, causing people to be more open to their inner stream of consciousness and daydreams.”

The scientist also believes that in order for our brains to wander off, we need to set a specific time of solitude in order to get your best ideas out of us. The environment that you place yourself in is of utmost importance. It can be a stroll in the park, relaxing in silence in your room or – you guessed it – taking a nice hot shower.

Alice Flaherty, a renowned neuroscientist, has also given her two-cents on the subject. She believes that the most important ingredient that ignites your creative side in the shower is a chemical known as dopamine.

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that transmits signals between the nerve cells of the brain. The chemical is important because it involves our motivation, memory, attention, and even regulates body movements. When there is a surplus of dopamine, our bodies become relaxed which clears the path for the flow of creative ideas in our minds.

However, the chemical dopamine isn’t just released while we are taking a hot shower. Activities like exercising or listening to music can also trigger the release of dopamine in our brains. If I was speaking for myself, I usually get my best ideas while listening to film scores.

Some scientists have proposed that distraction is key when it comes to figuring out ideas. At times when we’re rattling our brains trying to find the perfect solution to a problem, the subconscious part of our brains is working extra hard. We might be thinking about the issue for hours but when you hop into the shower, your mind eases itself and wanders off. By doing this, we allow our subconscious to transfer the ideas it had been storing into our conscious minds leading to that eureka moment. This particular phenomenon is called “the incubation period”.

Here, taking a shower becomes the ingredient to developing ideas because it provides our minds with the distraction that we needed from the outside world, and maybe even ourselves.

The only problem with getting your best ideas in the shower is that we usually don’t have a means of capturing them. Perhaps this is why God gave good sense to the people who invented waterproof notepads so that others have easy access to jotting down their ideas – even when they’re in the shower.

World News LGBTQIA+ Media Watch Gender The World

Julie Khan’s arrest is proof that those who speak the truth are often forcefully silenced

The Tempest Exclusive series Media Watch investigates and introspects on the intricacies of free speech around the world, right from The Tempest newsroom. 

Speaking the truth usually, if not always, comes at a cost in a country like Pakistan. Whether you’re a woman marching for her rights, a journalist voicing his opinions, or a trans activist fighting for her community; if what you say conflicts with the interests of those in power, they will do whatever they can to silence you.

Recently Julie Khan, a trans rights activist, became one of the victims of the power-hungry system, when a fellow transwoman, Lubna, framed Julie and three other transwomen stating that they broke into her house, attacked her and stole all her valuables. This incident took place right after five trans people were arrested and taken under judicial custody after Julie, along with a transwoman named Rosy, had filed a report against them saying that they had attacked Rosy in her home.

In retaliation, the other side filed a cross-report and on August 10th, Julie was taken into police custody under a fabricated case.

Julie, a victim of assault herself, rose to fame in 2020 after her series, The Naked Truth, gained immense popularity.

She spoke for the rights of the transgender community in Pakistan, and highlighted many flawed aspects of society, including mothers in the digital age and elitist culture. She vehemently expressed her opinions, knowing well that she was an unprotected transwoman who could easily be harmed for her words, and did everything in her power to help trans people such as Rosy, who might be hesitant to take a stand for themselves.

According to Julie’s lawyer, Hassan Niazi, the reason behind Julie’s arrest is a lot more complicated than just her spat with a few members of her own community. Niazi states that the system that apparently claims to protect the rights of trans people in Pakistan is the very one that is to blame in this situation. 

He also says that NGOs, many members of the trans community, and other powerful people of the country are all involved in forced begging, and selling transgender people from one “guru” to another for their benefit. Most, if not all, parents of transgenders abandon them as children and these gurus step forward to take them in. Although they pose as their caretakers, gurus often subject trans people to horrendous acts of exploitation, financial and otherwise. On many occasions, Julie has risked her life to fight for transgenders and challenge a defective system that includes the guru mafia.

Back in 2016, the brave transwoman had gone to Sialkot when she heard that a local thug was tormenting the trans people there. Even though the culprits were eventually arrested after a video of them surfaced on the internet, Julie still had to bear physical abuse in order to provide her community with the justice that they rightfully deserved.

Although this is just one incident, it is an example of the many sacrifices that Julie has made, and is still making, for the transgender community in Pakistan. After being manhandled by the police on the day of her arrest, Julie was forcefully kept in a male prison for several days that put her at an even higher risk of assault, another injustice that she faced because the world around her is not accepting of who she is, and is willing to put her at stake for it.

However, she soon garnered  widespread support from netizens across social media platforms. The hashtag, #JusticeForJulie, became a fast trend on Twitter after the trans-activists’ arrest and people all over Pakistan demanded the immediate release of Julie from Adiyala Jail in Rawalpindi.

On August 16th, many of Julie’s supporters gathered at Islamabad Press Club to protest her unlawful arrest. One of the protestors, a student named Ahmad Abdullah, had said, “The role of the police has been humiliating during the arrest. I condemn how the justice system fails trans people again and again despite the fact that Pakistan has some of the most progressive trans laws. I’m proud to stand here as Julie’s friend and a trans activist.”

The public’s concern for Julie’s safety is proof that collective demand can make those in power rethink their choices. After the many efforts of her lawyer and the constant pressure that came from the public, Julie was at last released on bail on August 18th.

However, Julie’s struggle does not end here. Other than her expected trial that has yet to be announced, Julie’s life still remains under threat from those who wish to take away her voice. It is our job as the public to keep supporting Julie in her time of need so that her years of struggle to fight against injustice does not all go in vain.


Tech Now + Beyond

Here are 6 technology myths people still believe but probably shouldn’t

We’ve all been the victim of believing myths when it comes to technology; maybe some of us still are. From thinking that cellphones give us cancer to believing that more bars on your phone gives you better cell service, people come up with the most logically digestible bullshit sometimes.

Here are six tech myths that people still believe in today, but probably shouldn’t:

1. The higher a Camera’s megapixels, the better the quality of the picture

I’m not going to lie, even I’ve been fooled by this. The first time I went to buy a digital camera, I looked for one with the highest megapixels before I settled on a Nikon. Pixels are basically millions of microscopic light sensors employed by digital cameras in order to turn a visual image into electronic signals. High pixel counts can improve the resolution needed for a finely detailed image, but that also means that individual pixels are really small which will leave you with much noisier images. No one wants that!

2. Apple Macbooks are immune to viruses

Strangely enough, many people believe that their Macintosh systems can’t catch viruses, but they might want to rethink that. Apple computers are actually just as susceptible to viruses as are PC’s. But to support these claims, people have come up with crazy theories that go as far as stating that Windows has more enemies than Apple and therefore is more of a victim to cyberterrorism. However, all these claims were debunked when a Trojan affected the malware of thousands of Apple computers in 2012.

3. You can charge a phone with a lemon

Yes, you read that correctly. As far as myths go, this has to be the most ridiculous one. The myth originated when a smartphone user decided it would be good idea to show the world that instead of electricity, he chooses to use lemons to charge his phone. This myth spread like wildfire and YouTubers all over the globe tried to test this theory out. However, the only problem here is that even though theoretically you could charge your phone with lemons, you’ll need at least a dozen lemons to produce merely 5 volts of charge, which obviously isn’t enough to get your phone to full charge. Maybe just stick to using a plug socket instead of ending up with thousands of violated lemons and a soggy charging cable.

4. Holding a magnet close to your computer will erase all its data

This technology myth isn’t exactly wrong. The only catch with this myth is that you require a really strong magnet in order to wipe out your computer’s data. You just don’t need to worry about bringing your fridge magnets too close to your computers.

5. Using your iPad’s charger with your iPhone will not affect its battery

Apple claims on its website that an iPad’s charger can not only be used with the iPhone but also your iPod, Apple Watch, and other products from Apple. In fact, many claim that using an iPad charger with an iPhone charges the latter much faster. However, Steve Sandler, founder and chief technical officer at electronics analysis company AEi Systems, has stated that using your iPad’s charger can stress out your iPhone’s battery. It might not be noticeable at first but with time, your phone’s battery will be greatly affected.

6. The incognito mode in your browser keeps you anonymous

This particular technology myth made people believe that using the incognito mode in their browser will keep their identity a secret. But what they don’t know is that the incognito mode just keeps the browser from recording your search history or importing your bookmarks. It also won’t automatically log in to your accounts, but no, it will not keep your identity hidden.

Although most of these technology myths have been debunked, we have all been fooled by them at some point. Now they only live in our memories making us laugh from time to time for believing in them in the first place.

Editor's Picks World News Action Guide The World

Lebanon is facing a crisis. Here’s how you can help.

On August 4th, the capital of Lebanon, Beirut, was faced with a catastrophic blast that killed nearly 135 people and injured more than 5000 others. As search and rescue missions continue, the number of deaths is expected to rise in the coming days.

The massive explosion, that was even felt 150 miles away in Cyprus, ripped apart the city of Beirut, displacing as much as 300,000 people from their homes, destroying many buildings in its wake, including four hospitals that are now working at maximum capacity.

In a statement made by Prime Minister Hasan Diab, it was revealed that the reason behind the calamity was 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, an explosive that had been stored in a warehouse at Beirut’s port for the last six years, without any security measures being taken to prevent such disasters. It was reported that in early 2020, a team had inspected the warehouse and had warned authorities that the explosives can “blow up all of Beirut”, however, no action was taken.

The devastation that the Lebanese are now facing is one more crisis that has piled on the already dire situation of the country. 

Known as the October Revolution by many, the people of Lebanon were forced to take the streets in a series of civil protests in late 2019 in opposition to the politically corrupt government of the country. Ruling under a sectarian system, Lebanon has been at the mercy of corrupt politicians who have little regard for the development of the country since its inception in 1943. 

Since the political system of the country divides the positions according to different sects, it renders the people in power incapable of coming to cohesive decisions when dealing with national challenges, leaving the state of the country in shambles. 

The protests originated after collective crises occurred one after the other, but most importantly began as an objection to the planned taxes imposed on internet calling services such as Whatsapp, an application that most opted for because of the expensive regular phone services.

But what started as an opposition to regressive taxes, soon became a protest against the many hardships the Lebanese have been coping with for decades, two of them being their electric and water shortages.

Even before the detonation in Beirut ensued, the Lebanese had been forced to live their lives in the dark. The country has not had stable electricity for years, with electric cuts ranging from 3-17 hours per day. People who can afford to pay the expensive bills for generators, turn to them when power cuts happen. However, owning and running private generators is illegal, so the suppliers, known as the “generator mafia”, require political cover to continue with their businesses.

The water supply and sewerage system in Lebanon are also no better. With Syria under war for the past several years, many Syrian refugees found solace in the many cities of Lebanon. With millions of Syrians seeking sanctuary, it has put pressure on the demand for water in the country with little to go about. However, Lebanon’s water crisis had existed long before the Syrians arrived. Due to a lack of investments in the water infrastructure across cities, the constant political tensions, and “unregulated urban planning”, the country finds it hard to provide good, clean, and enough water to its people.

Owing all of this to improper governance, the Lebanese had had enough of their struggles and were left with no choice but to demand a change in the sectarian political system of Lebanon for the betterment of their country.


With rising prices of food and oil, and unemployment leaving people with zero money to even afford basic necessities, many Lebanese were left with nothing but the clothes on their backs. The middle-class workers were hit hard, but the situation impacted the lower income class twice as much. For instance, many domestic workers were let go, many of whom were migrants, because their employers could no longer afford to pay their already minimum wage salaries.

Keeping the current situation in mind, if unemployment persists in the country, it is expected that the poverty rate could increase to as much as 80 percent across the population.

The horrid situation of Lebanon aggravated further when it was hit with COVID-19. Although protests seized once the pandemic took over, they were rekindled once again due to horrible living conditions. 

With Lebanon dealing with the worst possible financial crisis that it has seen, the country has also seen a massive dollar shortage which has reduced the value of the Lebanese pound to about 50 percent in the past few months.

As many banking systems attempted to stay afloat, they had restricted the withdrawal of the U.S dollar and the Lebanese pound. The Lebanese Central Bank limited withdrawal to $1000 per week in November 2019 which was later reduced further to only a few hundred. However, many other banks had set their own curtailments according to the size of an individual’s account. 

With an increase in food prices and limited money to afford anything, “hunger crimes” became a daily routine in Lebanon. The country was already dealing with a food crisis but with its port in Beirut destroyed, which was the main source of Lebanon’s food supply, the country is seeing a food shortage like no other.

With its economy crippled and a global pandemic weighing over their heads, the explosion at Beirut could not have come at a worst possible time. With hundreds of thousands of people exposed to an even harsher life than before, Lebanon is in great need of external support.

Here are a few ways that you can help Lebanon and its people:


If you would like to make even a small contribution that can aid Lebanon in this difficult situation, following are a few organizations that you can donate to:

Volunteer to help

If you are living in Lebanon, you can always physically volunteer at organizations that are needing extra help, for instance, the Lebanese Red Cross or many of the local NGOs in Beirut. Another way that you can also help is by donating blood to those who are in urgent need of it.

Educate yourself and others

Although people were quick to share videos and images of the explosion, many are still not aware of the country’s situation prior to the incident. In order to take initiative, it is also important to gain knowledge of Lebanon’s past and the political situation that led to the country’s turmoil. This means that you need to educate yourself on what caused the overlapping crises to understand why and how the people of Lebanon have been suffering and continue to do so.

It is also imperative to spread information on the subject as much as possible so more people can come forward to assist Lebanon in its time of need. If you encounter someone who is unaware of the situation, forward your knowledge to them. Spreading awareness is part of the process and even if it is done on a smaller scale, it still makes a difference.

Movies Pop Culture

Netflix’s new rom-com Desperados is the New Girl reunion we all needed

I’m going to get this out of the way first: when the last episode of New Girl aired back in 2018, I was crushed. I wasn’t ready to say goodbye to all of the strange yet hilarious characters I had grown so fond of, even Ferguson the cat. So, when I found out that Netflix’s latest movie Desperados would star Nasim Pedrad and Lamorne Morris, I said yes to watching it faster than you can say True American.

The new summer rom-com follows the journey of Wesley Darya (Nasim Pedrad) and her two best friends as they travel all the way to Mexico to delete a risky email that they had (accidentally?) sent to Wesley’s almost-boyfriend Jared (Robbie Amell). At different points in time in the movie, Wesley keeps running into Sean (Lamorne Morris), the man that she had a one-time horrible blind date with… until fate brings the two together.

Desperados at first glance might seem like a light-hearted tale to cheer your soul up on a sad rainy day, but the movie goes beyond the average comedy. As Wesley’s story unfolded, I could clearly see the reasons behind her acts of desperation. When you’re a 30-something with no job or a steady relationship, it becomes easier to fall into a pattern of craziness and that’s what happened with Wes. She was a constant witness to her two best friends, Brooke and Kaylie, each having what she desired and it drove her to a point that she had to lie about her personality to a guy, Jared, just so she could see her white picket fence fantasy come true.

As Wesley dictates the profanity-laced email for her friends to write, you don’t just spot a drunk woman filled with rage after thinking that she had been rejected, but one that’s also deeply hurt. Her actions show that it wasn’t just her wounded pride that made her angry, but knowing that she won’t get her happy ever after because yet another man had turned her away fueled that anger the most. Which is why when she finds out that Jared had meant to call her but couldn’t because of his accident, Wesley does everything in her power to delete that email from her boyfriend’s account afraid that he might see the crazy side of her and leave her.

Although Wesley is the star of this desperation train ride, the characters of Brooke and Kaylie are worth mentioning as well especially for the undying love that they each showered their best friend in. At many times during the movie, the friendship that these three women had reminded me so much of the bond that Cece and Jess from New Girl had shared. The two stars of the show would have moved mountains for each other but they were also quick to point out wherever the other person was wrong. Similarly, Brooke and Kaylie did everything they could to help Wesley out but when she couldn’t see beyond her own problems, they had to give her a reality check until she did.

It is safe to say that I loved each and every moment of Desperados but not seeing enough of Lamorne Morris in the movie is what irked me the most. He barely came on in the first half but my anticipation was at last fulfilled when Sean decides to help Wesley track down Jared’s laptop and the two end up crashing a quinceanera. Following a van just to help a girl delete an email is the most Winston like thing that I can think of and at times, I actually felt like I was watching Ally and Winston back in action and not entirely different characters played by the same actors.

By the end, the movie goes from being a comical tale of a woman correcting her error in judgment to a woman finally following a path that fulfills her. After the many mistakes our protagonist makes that cost her even her friendships, Wesley’s journey shifts more towards self-discovery than finding love after she admits to her crazy side to Jared who ends up breaking up with her for it. Wesley eventually, with the help of Sean, is able to get a job as a guidance counselor at a school where she is appreciated for her unorthodox methods of dealing with children, something that another institute had frowned upon before. The start of her new career changes the way Wesley’s mentality had been before and she is finally able to set things right with her friends as well as gather the courage to confess her feelings for Sean at the very end.

Desperados might not have been an official New Girl reunion, but I was still glad to see Nasim and Lamorne share a screen once again to tell the story of friendship, love but most importantly, the consequences of drunk emails.

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Tech Science Now + Beyond

Is the simulation theory real? Here’s what scientists have to say

Do you ever wonder if the stars you gaze so fondly at are all part of some big illusion? Or if the pizza delivery guy you forgot to tip wasn’t real but just a character in the elaborate video game we call life? As strange as it may sound, some people actually believe this to be true. It’s called the simulation theory.

The most popular argument surrounding the simulation theory is by Nick Bostrom, a Swedish philosopher, who raised the possibility of humanity living inside a computer simulation that has been created by a much more sophisticated and intelligent civilization.

He argued that as civilizations grow, it only makes sense for their technological abilities to reach a higher prowess. This means they’ll use their “enormous amounts of computing power” to create simulations of their ancestors, or of people similar to them. And if this were the case, there wouldn’t be just the one simulation in existence but a thousand others as well. Therefore, there’s a strong possibility that our minds do not belong to the original race but to the people who were actually simulated by the original race.

For the best example, just look at The Sims. You create your own world, the people that inhibit it, and control how you want things to play out.

“Forty years ago we had Pong – two rectangles and a dot,” said Elon Musk on the possibility of humans living the simulation theory.

“That’s where we were. Now 40 years later, we have photorealistic, 3D simulations with millions of people playing simultaneously and it’s getting better every year. And soon we’ll have virtual reality, we’ll have augmented reality,” he added, saying at this rate “games will become indistinguishable from reality” and the chance that we aren’t part of a computer simulation is one in a billion.

Rizwan Virk, founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s PlayLabs program, has also given his two cents on the simulation theory. Virk first began to wonder if reality is in fact an illusion when he played a virtual reality game that made him forget that he wasn’t a part of that world at all.

Virk believes that although there isn’t a hundred percent chance that we are living in a simulation, but there still is a good possibility that we are.

He also proposes that if this were the case, the question of whether we are NPCs (non-player characters) or PCs (player characters) in the video game of life also arises. In case that we are PCs, it means that each human is playing a character of his/her own in life. Just like in The Sims where each of the characters is given different attributes, personas, and goals to achieve. But, Virk says, that if we’re all NPCs, then there is no purpose for that simulation. As NPCs, our characters have no aspirations in the game of life which diminishes our purpose in it, as well as the purpose of the simulation itself.

In a world where many people are already struggling to find their own path and purpose, the possibility of being a non-player character in life is quite frightening.

Among the many who believe in the simulation theory, there are also people who have spoken against it.

Lisa Randall, a Harvard University physicist, holds that opinion that there is no solid evidence to prove the simulation theory. In fact, she also believes that even if there was a technologically-advanced civilization that could create real-life simulations, there is no reason for them to even bother simulating humans. If they have the technology, they could create far better “characters” than ours.

The simulation theory has even led some thinkers to coincide it with religion. Many religions believe that there is a creator – God AKA  a simulator – who has created and controls our world. Scientists like Richard J. Terille have stated that if religion is brought into conversation with the simulation hypothesis, it becomes easier to believe in the latter. According to Terrile, there is an architect who has constructed our entire universe so the modern idea of simulation is just a way of using science to deduce facts rather than faith.

Whether reality is just some big illusion or not is still a never-ending debate. But until scientists definitively prove one or the other, you can always channel your own omnipotence by playing simulation video games like The Sims.

Shopping Skin Care Lookbook

15 skincare brands that won’t burn a hole in your pocket

As you delve into the world of skincare, it’s easy to become intimidated by the endless choices in front of you. Would a Vitamin E cleanser be good for me? What exactly is niacinamide? Is chemical exfoliation better than a physical one? – these are all questions that might cross your mind at least once or twice when you’re looking for good products.

However, the most important question of all is – which skincare brands should I go for? There are now so many brands out there that it becomes a difficult task to find ones that work for your skin but are also inexpensive – not everyone wants to spend $180 on Crème de La Mer.

So, here’s a detailed list just for you of 15 brands that really have the skincare game down without putting a strain on your wallet:

1. CeraVe

A photo of a person holding a bottle of the Cerva lotion.
[Images description: A photo of a person holding a bottle of the Cerva lotion. The logo of the brand is printed in bold at the top. The right corner of the bottle is blue while the rest of it is white.] Via Flickr
CeraVe is definitely the basic b- when it comes to skincare. The brand uses a no-fuss policy when it comes to its products. When you pick up their products, you won’t find any exaggerated claims on the labels.

Cerave prides itself in being a simple and affordable brand that’s only goal is to promote healthy-looking skin without using fancy ingredients that might cause irritation.

2. Cetaphil

A product image of Cetaphil's Purifying Clay Mask. The lid of thr tub is of purple color while the bottom is white with the label on.
[Image description: A product image of Cetaphil’s Purifying Clay Mask. The lid of the tub is of purple color while the bottom is white with the label on. On the left side, there is a green and blue logo that says Cetaphil.] Via Flickr
Invented in 1947 by a pharmacist, Cetaphil holds the same policies as Cerave when it comes to skincare. The brand believes in providing simple, gentle, and effective products that are specific to all skin types. Cetaphil stands to strengthen and protect the skin while also being inexpensive.

3. The Ordinary

A tube of The Ordinary's Vitamin C Suspension is placed on a bed at a slight angle. Next to it is a brown comb.
[Image description: A tube of The Ordinary’s Vitamin C Suspension is placed on a bed at a slight angle.  The cap of the tube is an opaque white color while the tube itself is silver. Next to the tube, a brown comb is placed.] Via Taisiia Stupak on Unsplash
The Ordinary’s basic focus are the ingredients of their products. Without pulling off any nonsense, the brand produces retinoids, oils, serums, and vitamins that do exactly what they say on the packaging.

The only issue with this brand is that the name of the products can sometimes be confusing, so before buying them it is important to do your research. The Ordinary even has a simple guide on their website that people can read to understand the use of each product.

4. The Inkey List

A photo of The Inkey List's retinol serum laid at an angle on a white bed sheet.
[Image description: A photo of The Inkey List’s Retinol Serum laid at an angle on a white bed sheet. The cap is black while the middle of the tube is white. At the very end of the tube, there is a black label that has The Inkey List printed in white.]
The Inkey List also doesn’t play around when it comes to skincare. Apart from being incredibly affordable, the brand aims to make skincare products easy to understand while targeting major issues like aging or pigmentation.

5. La Roche-Posay

A product image of La Roche-Posay's Effaclar Duo.
[Image description: A product image of La Roche-Posay’s Effaclar Duo. The cap of the tube is an opaque white color while the rest of it is solid white. Slightly below the end of the tube, there is a blue rectangle.]
Don’t be fooled by the fancy name because this brand is anything but. The French skincare line believes in providing its customers with products that target many skin issues while also being cost-effective.

6. Simple Skin

A product image of Simple Skin's hydrating gel cream.
[Image description: A product image of Simple Skin’s Hydrating Gel Cream. The cap of the tube is a light blue color. Right above the cap, there is an image of green leaves. The rest of the tube is white while the product details are in green and blue.] Via Amazon
Simple Skin develops its products with natural ingredients that are already found in the skin. The brand, other than being straight up and affordable, is also environmentally friendly as it produces biodegradable packaging.

7. Maelove

A product image of Maelove's The Glow Maker.
[Image description: A product image of Maelove’s The Glow Maker. The product is in a brown glass dropper bottle. There is a white label on it that has the brands logo and the name of the product printed in black.] Via Maelove
The brainchild of a few MIT graduates, Maelove’s tagline literally says “Luxury Skincare Without Luxury Markups”. The brand prices all of its products under $30 while their formulations compete with that of high-end brands.

8. No B.S.

A product image of No B.S.'s Retinol Cream.
[Image description: A product image of No B.S.’s Retinol Cream. The bottle of the cream is on the left while the image of its box is on the right. One third of the bottle is white from the top while the company’s logo is printed in black. The bottle is purple from the bottom with the products name and its ingredients printed in white.] Via Amazon
As the name probably suggests, No B.S. doesn’t believe in nonsense when it comes to skincare. Their formulation is based on a mix of scientific as well as natural ingredients that provide simple products with effective results.

9. Revolution Skincare

Photo of two of Revolution Skincare's Glow Acid Tonic.
[Image description: two of Revolution Skincare’s Glow Acid Tonic. Both bottle have a rose gold cap. The bottles themselves are orange with a white label on both. The brands name is printed at the very top of the label written in rose gold while the rest of the details are in black.] Via Revolution Beauty
Revolution beauty has been around for a hot minute now with amazing makeup products but their skincare line is just as good. Their products, just like The Ordinary’s and The Inkey List’s, are pretty self-explanatory. You can find serums, cleansers, oils, and other skincare goodness all in one brand.

10. Sukin Naturals

A person holding the Sukin Natural's Micellar Cleansing Water in one hand with the cap open. With the other had, they have placed a cotton pad at the bottle's opening.
[Image description: A person holding the Sukin Natural’s Micellar Cleansing Water in one hand with the cap open. With the other had, they have placed a cotton pad at the bottle’s opening. The bottle has a brown color with an off white label on it.] Via Amazon
For people that love natural skincare products but don’t want to spend a fortune on them, Sukin Naturals is the best option. Their brand offers all-natural products with a price point that can make anyone happy.

11. Glow Lab

A photo of a person holding an opened tube of Glow Lab's cleansing balm. Their left hand is laid open underneath as the balm falls onto it.
[Image description: A photo of a person holding an opened tube of Glow Lab’s Cleansing Balm. Their left hand is laid open underneath as the balm falls onto it.] Via Glow Lab
Like Sukin Naturals, Glow Lab follows the same policy of providing its customers with skincare made from natural ingredients that have been proven to work well. Also, did I mention how affordable they are?

12. Essano

A product image of Essano's collagen boost line.
[Image description: A product image of Essano’s Collagen Boost line.  The serum in the range is placed on the right, the night creme tub on the left and a small tub of eye cream in the middle. All three products have their boxes placed right behind them. The products all have dark brown packaging with with a label that has the product details printed in yellow on each.] Via Essano
Essano is a brand that mainly concerns with products made from oils whether its a cleanser or a moisturizer. They also focus on being all-natural as well as cruelty-free.

13. Mario Badescu

A product image of Mario Badescu's facila spray.
[Image description: A product image of Mario Badescu’s facial spray. The cap of the spray bottle is white while the bottle is  a peachy pink color. The label on the bottle is also white while the product description is printed in green.] Via Amazon
Mario Badescu has definitely made a name for itself in the skincare world over the past few years. Their cult-favorite products include their drying lotion and the facial mists. For the price range they provide, the skincare line is quite the catch.

14. Eucerin

A product image Eucerin's intensive repair lotion. The bottle has a red cap while the bottom is white with a label on it.
[Image description: A product image of Eucerin’s Intensive Repair Lotion. The bottle has a red cap while the bottom is white with a label on it. The brand’s name is printed at the very top of the bottle in bold with a red line underneath.] Via Amazon
Eucerin is a dermatologically recommended brand famous for products that cure dry skin. Their Lip Repair Balm does wonders for chapped lips. Eucerin focuses on formulations for oily and acne-prone skin as well and has products for both facial and body skin.

15. Bioderma

A photo of Bioderma's Sensibio H2O Micellar Water.
[Image description: A photo of Bioderma’s Sensibio H2O Micellar Water. The bottle is clear with a pink cap on top. On the bottle, there is a white label with the product description written in black and pink.] Via Bioderma
Bioderma is another budget friendly option one can consider when looking into skincare. The brand believes in “ecobiology” and promotes the preservation of skin health. Their micellar water has caught the attention of many and can be compared to the one by Garnier.

Overall, building a good skin regimen can be difficult and a time consuming process. Finding what products work best takes a lot of trial and error. Most high-end brands claim to do tons for you but are not that effective so the most important thing when it comes to skincare is doing your research. But don’t forget that what you put inside of you, also reflects on your skin.

So, remember to eat healthy, drink lots of water and do your research on skincare brands. I recommend watching Hyram’s Youtube channel.

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